Mini monstera, mini split-leaf, Ginny philodendron... Rhaphidophora tetrasperma goes by many misleading names and is having a huge moment in the spotlight currently, thanks largely to social media. Search this plant on eBay, and you might find an unrooted cutting with one leaf for $50 USD. Post in a buy/sell/trade plant group on Facebook, and your messenger will blow up. They are all the rage right now due to their cute split leaves, ease of care, and fast growth rate. R. tetrasperma bares a striking resemblance to a Monstera deliciosa at first glance, and it's often incorrectly referred to as a Philodendron species. However, this plant is neither a Monstera or a Philodendron, although they are all in the same family Araceae (plants in this family are often referred to as "aroids"). Rhaphidophora tetrasperma in a a totally separate genus than those two plants, and is endemic to a separate part of the world! While Monstera and Philodendron species are native to Central and South America, R. tetrasperma is found in Southern Thailand and Malaysia. And surprisingly, the Rhapidophora genus isn't closely related to the other two genera it's often mistaken for. Monstera needs lots of space: Put it in a statement-making spot in the living room, rather than in a tight corner or on a windowsill.
Monstera can grow up trees and other plants in the rainforest, and would benefit from some support indoors, too. Consider adding a small trellis or pole nearby.
If you can’t commit to a whole Monstera plant—or if yours is running rampant—trim a leaf or two and stand them upright in a clear glass vase.
Find a balance between sun and shade. If Monstera is given too much sun, the leaves will yellow. If it’s left in the dark, the plant will exhibit something called negative phototropism, where new leaves grow towards the dark, rather than the light. (It’s a pretty clever trick: In the jungle, darkness signals the presence of a larger tree that Monstera can climb up to reach sunlight.) Since this isn’t possible in a living room, indirect sun is best.
Water Monstera moderately and evenly, about once a week. Wait until the soil is fairly dry before watering again. Keep in a fairly humid environment.
To curb excessive growth, avoid re-potting too often and prune regularly by pinching off new growth.
Mildly toxic to humans, and toxic to both dogs and cats
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